melaleuca quinquenervia wikipedia

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Many are popular garden plants, either for their attractive flowers or as dense screens and a few have economic value for producing fencing and oils such as "tea tree" oil. Drei Fruchtblätter sind zu einem halbunterständigen bis unterständigen Fruchtknoten verwachsen. [25] The Bundjalung people traditionally lived in the area of north-eastern New South Wales where Melaleuca alternifolia is endemic, and they treated skin infections by crushing the leaves of that species over skin infections then covering the area with a warm mudpack. Die Blätter des Teebaums werden seit Jahrhunderten von den australischen Ureinwohnern genutzt. [26], Melaleuca alternifolia is notable for its essential oil which is both antifungal and antibiotic,[27] while safely usable for topical applications. WikiZero Özgür Ansiklopedi - Wikipedia Okumanın En Kolay Yolu . auch in die Gattung Melaleuca, dies wird kontrovers diskutiert. wilsonii. Myrtle rust is common in eastern Australia, including Tasmania and has been detected in the Tiwi Islands. Every species in the genus is an evergreen, and the leaves vary in size from minute and scale-like (M. micromera) to 270 mm (11 in) long (M. leucadendra). Melaleucas range in size from small shrubs such as M. aspalathoides and M. concinna which rarely grow to more than 1 m (3 ft 3 in) high, to trees like M. cajuputi and M. quinquenervia, which can reach 35 m (115 ft). [2]:20–21, Melaleuca flowers are usually arranged in spikes or heads. Melaleuca quinquenervia (auch als „Myrtenheide“ bezeichnet) ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Myrtenheiden (Melaleuca).Sie ist in Australien, Neuseeland, Neuguinea und Neukaledonien heimisch, wird jedoch auch außerhalb dieses Gebietes kultiviert. Some species, especially the South Australian swamp paperbark, M. halmaturorum, thrive in saline soils where few other species survive. Melaleuca quinquenervia (broad-leaved paperbark) is the most damaging of 60 exotic species introduced to the Florida Everglades to help drain low-lying swampy areas. Within the head or spike, the flowers are often in groups of two or three, each flower or group having a papery bract at its base. Die Gattung Melaleuca wurde 1767 durch Carl von Linné aufgestellt. [20], Melaleuca quinquenervia (broad-leaved paperbark) is the most damaging of 60 exotic species introduced to the Florida Everglades to help drain low-lying swampy areas. nom. Melaleuca quinquenervia ist eine Pflanzenart aus der Gattung der Myrtenheiden . Sie enthalten ätherische Öle. The most significant of these is the Chrysomelid, Paropsisterna tigrina, but other beetles, cutworm caterpillars (Agrotis species), psyllids, mole crickets (Gryllotalpa), and others cause significant damage. Källor. The name Melaleuca was first used by Linnaeus in 1767. Articles relacionats. Birds such as lorikeets and honeyeaters as well as bats often visit the flowers and are probably also pollinators. [30], Melaleucas are popular garden plants, both in Australia and other tropical areas worldwide. Their flowers generally occur in groups, forming a "head" or "spike" resembling a brush used for cleaning bottles, containing up to 80 individual flowers. The southwest of Western Australia has the greatest density of species, and in the tropical north of the continent, species such as M. argentea and M. leucadendra are the dominant species over large areas. [2] [3] Inga underarter finns listade i Catalogue of Life. angustifolia Melaleuca smithii R.T.Baker Melaleuca maidenii R.T.Baker Melaleuca leucadendra var. The plant he called Arbor alba is now known as Melaleuca leucadendra. var., Conothamnus Lindl., Eremaea Lindl., Manglesia Lindl., Ozandra Raf., Schizopleura Endl., Gymnagathis Schauer, Regelia Schauer, Trichobasis Turcz. [11] The move has not been adopted by all Australian herbaria with some taxonomists, including Alex George opposing the move. [29], Melaleuca cajuputi is used to produce a similar oil, known as cajuput oil, which is used in Southeast Asia to treat a variety of infections and to add fragrance to food and soaps. It is a tree, sometimes growing to more than 20 m (70 ft) with a trunk covered with thick, white, papery bark and weeping thinner branches. In tropical areas, seeds are released annually in the wet season. Sie ist in Australien, Neuseeland, Neuguinea und Neukaledonien heimisch, wird jedoch auch außerhalb dieses Gebietes kultiviert. Melaleuca quinquenervia ist im Osten Australiens, in Neukaledonien und in Papua-Neuguinea beheimatet. Media in category "Melaleuca quinquenervia"The following 69 files are in this category, out of 69 total. Man findet sie auch in Burma, Malaysia und auf den Molukken.Außerhalb der natürlichen Vorkommen ist die Art im Süden von Florida und auf Hawaii stark vertreten, weitere Vorkommen gibt es in Südkalifornien, Texas, auf den Karibischen Inseln, in Indien und auf den Philippinen. Sie bevorzugt die Küstenregion, kommt aber in Flusstälern bis zu 350 Kilometer landeinwärts vor. Melaleuca viridiflora var. ex A.Lyons nom. Melaleuca quinquenervia S.T.Blake: Посилання ; Вікісховище: Melaleuca quinquenervia: EOL: 2508582: IPNI: 598073-1: ITIS: 27228: МСОП: 49278407: NCBI: 164942: Мелалеука п’ятинервна, найолі (Melaleuca quinquenervia) — вид рослин роду мелалеука (Melaleuca). [2]:26–31, Melaleuca are mostly pollinated by insects, including the introduced honey bee (Apis mellifera), flies, beetles, wasps and thrips. Es sind Hochblätter vorhanden. Melaleuca quinquenervia [1] är en myrtenväxtart som först beskrevs av Antonio José Cavanilles, och fick sitt nu gällande namn av Stanley Thatcher Blake. Melaleuca quinquenervia S.T.Blake: Laing Ngalan; Metrosideros quinquenervia Cav. Die Myrtenheiden (Melaleuca) sind eine Pflanzengattung in der Familie der Myrtengewächse (Myrtaceae). angustifolia. nom. [2]:20–21, The fruit are woody, cup-shaped, barrel-shaped, or almost spherical capsules, often arranged in clusters along the stems. [21][22][23], Aboriginal Australians used several species of Melaleuca to make rafts, as roofing for shelter, bandages, and food preparation. Evidence from DNA studies suggests that either Callistemon and some other genera be incorporated into Melaleuca or that at least 10 new genera be created from the present genus. [2]:19 They range in size from small shrubs that rarely grow to more than 16 m (52 ft) high, to trees up to 35 m (115 ft). Sie enthalten ätherische Öle . ex Kuntze nom. Metrosideros coriacea Poir. cumingiana extends as far north as Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. superfl., Kajuputi Adans. Melaleuca quinquenervia (lat. Melaleuca és un gènere de plantes en la família de les mirtàcies que inclou 236 espècies. Land clearing, exotic myrtle rust, and especially draining and clearing of swamps threaten many species. 2008: https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Myrtenheiden&oldid=203698083, „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Silberbaum-Myrtenheide, Kajeputbaum, Cajeputbaum, Teebaum (. Fünf relativ kleine Kelchblätter sind verwachsen oder sie fehlen. [32], M. leucadendra in the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, M. pulchella ("claw flower") in Melbourne Botanic Garden, M. squarrosa in Langwarrin Flora and Fauna Reserve, M. pungens useful as a hedge because of its prickly foliage, The widely cultivated M. hypericifolia in Arthurs Seat State Park, World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Melaleuca quinquenervia § Status in the United States, 10.3417/1055-3177(2006)16[468:ncimfa]2.0.co;2, "Help protect Florida's natural areas from non-native invasive plants", "Melaleuca - Their Botany, Essential Oil and uses (Preliminaries)", "In vitro and in vivo activity of tea tree oil against azole-susceptible and -resistant human pathogenic yeasts", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Melaleuca&oldid=982404558, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 22:45. Melaleucas grow in a range of soil types and many tolerate occasional or even permanent waterlogging. [2]:23[18], Some species of Melaleuca, especially M. alternifolia, are cultivated for the production of tea tree oil, and in plantations are susceptible to a number of insect pests. The seeds are sometimes retained in the fruit for many years, only opening when the plant, or part of it, dies or is heated in a bushfire. Melaleuca-Arten sind immergrüne Sträucher oder Bäume, die je nach Art Wuchshöhen von 1 bis 25 Meter erreichen. Einige Autoren stellen die Arten der Gattung der Zylinderputzer (Callistemon R.Br.) Sie gehört zur Artengruppe der Melaleuca leucadendra. Joseph J. Brophy, Lyndley A. Craven, John C. Doran: W. Blaschek, Rudolf Hänsel, K. Keller, J. Reichling, H. Rimpler, G. Schneider (Hrsg. illeg., Phymatocarpus F.Muell., Meladendron St.-Lag., Melaleucon St.-Lag. (One specimen of M. cajuputi reached 46 m (151 ft)[3], Many, like M. lineariifolia, are known as paperbarks and have bark that can be peeled in thin sheets, whilst about 20% of the genus, including M. bracteata, have hard, rough bark and another 20% have fibrous bark. Eight occur in Tasmania, but only two are endemic to that island. [2]:16–17[9], In 2014, Lyndley Craven and others proposed, on the basis of DNA evidence, that species in the genera Beaufortia, Calothamnus, Conothamnus, Eremaea, Lamarchea, Petraeomyrtus, Phymatocarpus and Regelia be transferred to Melaleuca. More than 100 species of insects are known to feed on melaleucas. Five sepals occur, although these are sometimes fused into a ring of tissue and five petals which are usually small, not showy, and fall off as the flower opens or soon after. Hình ảnh. Melaleuca-Arten sind immergrüne Sträucher oder Bäume, die je nach Art Wuchshöhen von 1 bis 25 Meter erreichen. Melaleucas are an important food source for nectarivorous insects, birds, and mammals. [28] This is produced on a commercial scale and marketed as tea tree oil. The grey-green leaves are egg-shaped, and cream or white bottlebrush-like flowers appear from late spring to autumn. Melaleuca quinquenervia — Niaouli Niaouli … Wikipédia en Français. cons. Henero sa mga tanom nga bulak ang Melaleuca.Ang Melaleuca sakop sa kabanay nga Myrtaceae. ex DC., Lamarchea Gaudich., Lamarkea Rchb. Melaleucas are found in a wide variety of habitats. Melaleuca quinquenervia, commonly known as the broad-leaved paperbark, paper bark tea tree, punk tree or niaouli, is a small- to medium-sized tree of the myrtle family, Myrtaceae. sind: Myrtoleucodendron Burm. An Melaleuca quinquenervia in nahilalakip ha genus nga Melaleuca, ngan familia nga Myrtaceae. coriacea Melaleuca leucadendra var. PARTE I O ECOSSISTEMA INVADIDO E AS ESPCIES INVASORAS Captulo 1 As Invases Bioli!as 1"1" INTROD#$%O A introduo de espcies exticas e sua naturalizao hoje considerada como um dos mecanismos responsveis pela alterao global da biosfera, originando modificaes profundas na estrutura e no funcionamento dos ecossistemas, uma homogeneizao dos biota, uma reduo da biodiversidade e a … Melaleuca quinquenervia) — mərsinkimilər fəsiləsinin çay ağacı cinsinə aid bitki növü. Loài này được (Cav.) [5] Many species previously known as Metrosideros were then placed in Melaleuca. And longicorn beetles are often found that Island heimisch, wird jedoch auch außerhalb dieses Gebietes kultiviert kopfigen Narbe move. Found in a range of soil types and many tolerate occasional or even permanent waterlogging 100 species insects. To 300 species stands have fewer predators, but tea tree sawfly ( Pterygophorus species and. 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